NIST, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, is a federal government agency in the U.S. Department of Commerce. NIST’s mission is: To promote U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life. One of NIST’s primary missions is help create standards for measurements, such as weight, distance, and time. However, NIST’s mission has expanded over the past decades and it currently operates six scientific laboratories for research in engineering, communications, information technology, neutron research, and physical and material measurements. NIST is heavily involved in creating computer security/cybersecurity standards, which are published in the NIST Special Publication 800-series. There are almost 200 different publications in the SP 800-series that provide standards and guidance for things such as access controls for cloud systems, encryption standards, wireless local access networks, and Bluetooth security. Some of these standards apply specifically to the federal government, such as NIST SP 800-53, Security and Privacy Controls for Federal Information Systems and Organizations. NIST also published NIST SP 800-171, Protecting Controlled Unclassified Information in Nonfederal Systems and Organizations, which is a standard for non-federal organizations that do business with the federal government, NIST also publishes that Cybersecurity Framework which consists of various security controls that any organization can adopt in order to strengthen their cybersecurity.